Wellington bus drivers have voted for industrial action including a fare strike – driving buses while refusing to take fares – from the 28th of January if their employer NZ Bus continues to force part-time shifts on them.
The company’s attempts to use more part-time shifts with fewer hours would see many drivers face loss of income and increased uncertainty of hours and has become a key issue in the current negotiations.
Wellington Tramways Union Secretary Kevin O’Sullivan says members are furious. “Up until recently we’ve had a pretty good relationship with NZ Bus but in recent months there’s been a real push from the company to undermine the people who work there.
“Alongside the hostile reaction from the other company servicing Wellington’s public transport, Tranzit, there’s now real pressure on the bus system and on drivers’ terms and conditions.
Because the Greater Wellington Regional Council collects the fare revenue from bus trips in Wellington, they will bear the brunt of the industrial action. It is unclear whether this cost can or will be passed onto NZ Bus.
Mr O’Sullivan says:
“The blame for this and the broader Wellington bus fiasco sits with the Greater Wellington Regional Council, so it is appropriate that a fare strike will hit them in the pocket.
“If NZ Bus take a sensible approach to part time shifts as the members are asking them to this dispute will settle.”
The fare strike will only affect routes driven by employees of NZ bus. Those routes are: 2, 3, 12, 14, 18, 18e, 20, 21, 22, 28, 30, 31, 33, 34, 35, 36, 81, 83, 84, and 85.
– The Wellington App
History of fare strikes
The first historical mention of a fare strike in the United States was in 1944 in Cleveland, Ohio when “streetcar workers threatened to refuse to collect fares in order to win a pay increase.” The action was effective because “the City Council gave in before they actually used the tactic.” These kinds of “social strikes,” collective acts of refusal where workers continue to provide services (in this case, transit) but do not collect any money, have occurred in France and parts of Latin America.
In 1969, Italy’s “Hot Autumn” was sparked at FIAT’s Mirafiori plant in Turin and spilled past the factory gates as workers coordinated movements using other forms of the social strike: FIAT workers refused to pay for the trams and buses and went into stores to demand reductions in prices, backed only by showing their factory ID badges. Others squatted houses and collectively refused to pay utility bills. These kinds of struggles spread throughout Italy until the end of the 1970s.
Another type of social strike occurred during the 1970 postal strike in the United States when “letter carriers promised to deliver welfare checks even while on strike.” In 2004, much like in the 1944 example in Cleveland, the Chicago group Midwest Unrest was able to organize a fare strike that forced the Chicago Transit Authority to back down on service cuts and fare increases. In 2005, at least 5,000 riders participated in the first ever fare strike in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.
In San Francisco, in 2005, “Despite heavy police presence at major bus transfer points, at least a couple thousand passengers rode the buses for free in San Francisco on Thursday, September 1st – the opening day of a fare strike in North America’s most bus-intensive city.” Two of the main groups involved in organizing this were Muni Social Strike and Muni Fare Strike. Other community groups also participated, including the Chinese Progressive Association and “the one major extension of the strike, through the participation of the day laborers’ organization in organizing among Spanish-speaking immigrants” working class in San Francisco’s Mission District, where the strike was most successful.
In the United Kingdom, there were fare strikes against First Great Western in January 2007 and January 2008.
In Montreal, striking students in 2005 often used the subway as a means of transportation during demonstrations. As a group, the demonstration would enter the subway without paying, usually while chanting “Métro populaire.”
In New York City, Occupy Wall Street activists chained and taped open service gates and turnstiles to the subway system to protest “escalating service cuts, fare hikes, racist policing, assaults on transit workers’ working conditions and livelihoods — and the profiteering of the super-rich by way of a system they’ve rigged in their favor” on March 28, 2012.
In Grand Rapids, in 2016, a coalition of community activists boarded numerous city buses and refused to pay; part of a “Day of Action” against the Interurban Transit Partnership (ITP), which culminated in a sit-in aimed at disrupting the scheduled ITP board meeting later that same day. The activists were protesting the board’s refusal to negotiate a contract settlement with the workers of Amalgamated Transit Union Local 836, violations of those workers’ First Amendment rights, a 16% fare hike, and a raise given to CEO, Peter Varga, while these perceived attacks on workers and riders were taking place. This was the first fare strike in Michigan history.