Part five of a six-part series, compiled by Talk Wellington, that outlines a sensible vision for transport. This is a space that needs filling even as Let’s Get Wellington Moving prepares to spend $4 billion on transport in the capital.
We’ve covered the logic behind the better vision for transport in Wellington. Now in Parts Five and Six of our series, we see first how our city streets would look and feel if they were working properly for us. Note this is the fully illustrated version of the Stuff.co.nz / Dominion Post article .
Every space has its vibe, and instead of just going, “We put up a 30km sign, job done,” we need the space to say loud and clear to everyone: we go slowly here, chill out a bit, look out for other humans. Streets can say that to you, you feel it. – Kara Dentice, 28, Wainuiomata
What’s the point of a city? It’s the magic that happens when many people are doing different, vibrant, interesting things in close proximity. Efficient transport is vital, but it’s a means to an end: we move so we can be somewhere. In great cities the moving supports the being, rather than spoiling it.
As Wellingtonians, we love the way our city offers so many things to do, so close together. And we have some great public spaces – Civic Square, the Botanic Gardens, the waterfront. But ordinary streets can be great public spaces, too. They can be places for people to linger, socialise, enjoy nature, play games, or just take in the ever-changing panorama of human life that cities present.
That’s not generally the case at present. On most city streets, once you’re outside a motor vehicle, you become a second-class citizen in the so-called walkable capital.
But what would Wellington streets be like if we prioritised people and life on our streets?
For starters, there would be fewer private cars in the city centre, something Wellingtonians called for strongly in Let’s Get Wellington Moving consultation. There’d also be a mass transit spine, and more public transport, walking and cycling routes.
And we’d copy a recipe that’s working in cities worldwide, adapted for our local conditions. In the best, most truly ‘pro-people’ cities, the streets have:
- a real, universal speed limit of 30km – for all vehicles;
- wider-than-NZ-usual footpaths;
- more greenery, including trees, shrubs and stormwater gardens;
- more things for people, like seats, shelters and water fountains; and
- less traffic noise and better air quality.
These cities make use of four basic elements: movement-focused streets, mass transit, shared streets, and people-only spaces. Let’s explore what that might look like in our city.
1. Movement-focused streets
In Talk Wellington’s vision for the capital, a select minority of thoroughfares are movement-focused streets, serving, as their name suggests, primarily to move people and goods around. They have wider footpaths and a 30km speed limit, but still carry more than 5000 motor vehicles a day. (Think of a more attractive version of the Terrace.) Some of these streets have four vehicle lanes, others two. These are the kinds of streets you choose when you want to travel briskly.
Below we can see some typical features of movement-focused streets from Copenhagen (top left), Washington (top right), Auckland (bottom left), Barcelona (bottom right):
1. Minimal on-street parking (it’s mostly mobility parking): priority is moving people and goods
2. Footpaths are broad, attractive spaces for walking, wheelchairing, sitting out
3. All vehicles (incuding bikes, public transport) observing 30km/h speed limit
4. Dedicated places for safe crossing, with smart traffic signals responding to conditions
5. ‘Little road’ / rori iti separated from footpath and traffic lane, for cycling, e-scooting and even fast running
6. Any public transport has dedicated lanes, priority at intersections. Buses connect to mass transit (see below)
Cuba St, by eyeofthefish
What about retailers?
These new kinds of streets are good for business – because they’re good for people. Much as Wellingtonians might hate to admit it of our rival, Auckland’s transformation of its inner-city streets is working well, as the images below show. It’s also proving that it’s a focus on people, not cars and carparks, that make town centres vibrant and generate business for retailers.
Figures: Auckland Council shared space evaluations (2012, 2015). Photos: Oh.Yes.Melbourne2. Infographic: Celia McAlpine
As Chris Wilkinson, of national retail strategy consultancy First Retail, says, “Worldwide, great retail environments combine shopping, dining and entertainment with good public spaces. Invariably this means creating havens where people aren’t competing with vehicles, can connect easily by public transport, and can easily walk and cycle.”
What will be the upshot of all these changes?
There’ll be less on-street parking. In some places it’ll be slower to drive through – though better overall, thanks to more people taking other methods of transport. And it’ll be much easier to move around by walking, scooting or cycling, and by public transport. In addition, streets will be nicer to be in, more commercially vibrant, and more conducive to all the different activities people want to do.
Whether you want to walk and talk and shop, or sit and talk, or simply pause and enjoy life in our city, you’ll find that intelligent transport and unashamedly people-centric streets will let Wellington blossom like never before.
In the second part of this Saturday’s edition and the final in our series, we’ll see how these street types should be combined into a Wellington street network that’ll let our city flourish, and give people real transport choices.
Banner image: Adelaide Road by Aaron Miller
Montage image credits: (In order Top left – top right – bottom left – bottom right)
- Mass transit montage:
- Angers, from GreaterAuckland
- Sydney, by Hassell Studio
- Gold Coast light rail by Matt Lowrie
- Amsterdam light rail line by W.-D. Haberland
Shared streets montage:
- Madrid shared street – Michael Kodransky, EURIST e.V.
- Friedrichstrasse, Bonn – Michael Kodransky, EURIST e.V.
- Durham – Flickr user Calotype46
- Zurich – Michael Kodranksy EURIST e.V.
Movement-focused street montage
- Copenhagen – unknown
- American city – Smart Growth America
- Auckland – Glen Koorey
- Barcelona – Eurist e.V.